COVID-19 Pandemic Related Stress and Health

Chen, J.A., Zhang, E.*, & Liu, C.H. (In press). The secondary contagion of racial discrimination during the COVID-19 pandemic: Implications for Asian and Asian American Health. American Journal of Public Health.

Liu. C.H., Pinder-Amaker, S., Hahm, H.C., & Chen, J.A. (In press). Priorities for addressing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on college student mental health. Journal of American College Health.

Liu, C.H., & Doan, S.N. (In press). Psychosocial stress contagion in children and families during the COVID-19 pandemic: A behavioral health perspective. Clinical Pediatrics.  


Erdei, C., & Liu, C.H. (In press). The downstream effects of COVID-19 on the NICU: A call for supporting family well-being. Journal of Perinatology. 

Liu, C.H., Zhang, E.*, Wong, G.*, Hyun, S.*, & Hahm, C. (In press). Factors associated with depression, anxiety, and PTSD symptomatology during the COVID-19 pandemic: Clinical implications for U.S. young adult mental health. Psychiatry Research.

Liu, C. H., Stevens, C., Conrad, R., & Hahm, C. H. (In press). Evidence for elevated psychiatric distress, poor sleep, quality of life concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic among US young adults with suspected and reported psychiatric diagnoses. Psychiatry Research, 113345.


Parenting and Early Development

Perinatal Mental Health 

Phan, J.*, Liu, H.H., Yasui, M. & Liu, C.H. (2019). Psychosocial and healthcare experiences among women with pre-pregnancy and mental health concerns. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 33, 196-202.

Liu, C.H., Phan, J.*, Yasui, M., & Doan, S.N. (2018). Prenatal life events, maternal employment, and postpartum depression across a diverse population in New York City. Community Mental Health Journal, 54, 410-419.  

Liu, C.H. & Liu, H.H. (2016). Psychosocial barriers to WIC participation in a diverse population of mothers. Public Health Nursing, 33, 395-402.  

Liu, C.H., Giallo, R., Doan, S.N., Seidman, L., & Tronick, E. (2016). Racial and ethnic differences in prenatal life stress and postpartum depression symptoms. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 30, 7-12.

Liu, C.H., Keshavan, M., Tronick, E., & Seidman, L.J. (2015). Perinatal risks and childhood premorbid indicators of later psychosis: Next steps for prevention. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 41, 801-816.  


Liu, C.H., & Tronick, E. (2014). Prevalence and predictors for maternal depressed mood and anhedonia by race and ethnicity. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 23, 201-209.

Liu, C.H., & Tronick, E. (2013). Conceptualizing prenatal life stressors in predicting postpartum depression: Cumulative, specific, and domain specific approaches to calculating risk. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 27, 481-490.

Liu, C.H., & Tronick, E. (2013). Rates and predictors of postpartum depression by race and ethnicity: Results from the 2004-2007 New York City PRAMS Survey (Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System). Maternal and Child Health Journal, 17, 1599-1610.

Liu, C.H., & Tronick, E (2012). Do patient characteristics, prenatal care setting, and method of payment matter when it comes to provider-patient conversations on perinatal mood? Maternal and Child Health Journal, 16, 1102-1112.

Maternal and Infant Stress

Liu, C.H., Zhang, E.*, Snidman, N., & Tronick, E. (In press). Infant affect response in the face-to-face still face among Chinese- and European American mothers and infants. Infant Behavior and Development. 

Liu, C.H., Fink, G., Brentani, H., Brentani, A. (In press). Caregiver depression is associated with hair cortisol in a low-income sample of preschool-aged children. Psychoneuroendocrinology.  

Erdei, C., Liu, C.H., Machie, M., Church, P., & Heyne, R. Developmental outcomes in the NICU and parent mental health impacts on outcomes (In press). Journal of Perinatology. 

Brentani, A., Ferrer, A., Brentani, H., Liu, C.H., Grisi, S., Valente, M.H., Gomes, F., Escobar, A.M., Fink, G. (In press). Cohort profile: The São Paulo Western Region Birth Cohort (ROC). International Journal of Epidemiology.

Liu, C.H., Snidman, N., Kagan, J., & Tronick, E. (2020). Effect of maternal distress on perceptions of infant behavior may differ in Chinese American and European American mothers and infants. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 41, 212-220.  

Liu, C.H. & Doan, S. (2019). Innovations in biological assessments of chronic stress through hair and nail cortisol: Conceptual, developmental, and methodological issues. Developmental Psychobiology, 61, 465-476.

Bohr, V., Liu, C.H., Chen, S.H., Wang, L. (2018). Satellite Babies: Costs and benefits of culturally driven parent-infant separations in North American immigrant families. In M. Guzman, J. Brown, C. Edwards (Eds.), Parenting From Afar. (pp. 304-320) Oxford University Press.

Liu, C.H., Fink, G., Brentani, H., & Brentani, A. (2017). An assessment of hair cortisol among postpartum Brazilian mothers and infants from a high-risk neighborhood in São Paulo: Intra-individual stability and association in mother-infants. Developmental Psychobiology, 57, 916-926.

Liu, C.H., Chen, S.H., Bohr, Y., Wang, L., & Tronick, E. (2017). Exploring the assumptions of attachment theory across cultures: The practice of transnational separation among Chinese immigrant parents and children. Meaning and methods in the study and assessment of attachment. Contextualizing Attachment: The Cultural Nature of Attachment. In H. Keller and K.A. Bard (Eds). Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 22, J. Lupp, series editor (pp. 171-192) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gaskins, S., Beeghly, M., Bard, K.A., Gernhardt, A., Liu, C.H., Teti, D.M., Thompson, R.A., Weisner, T.S., & Yovsi, R.D. (2017). Meaning and methods in the study and assessment of attachment. In: Contextualizing Attachment: The Cultural Nature of Attachment., ed. H. Keller and K.A. Bard. Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 22, J. Lupp, series editor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Gaskins, S., Beeghly, M., Bard, K.A., Gernhardt, A., Liu, C.H., Teti, D.M., Thompson, R.A., Weisner, T.S., & Yovsi, R.D. (2017). Implications for policy and practice. In: Contextualizing Attachment: The Cultural Nature of Attachment., ed. H. Keller and K.A. Bard. Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 22, J. Lupp, series editor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Liu, C.H. & Tronick, E. (2017). Neurobehavioral development in infancy: The buffering and transducing role of the mother/caretaker-infant dyad. In D. Skuse, H. Bruce, L. Dowdney & D. Mrazek (Eds)., Child Psychology and Psychiatry: Frameworks for Practice. (pp. 17-24) Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Liu, C.H., Snidman, N., Leonard, A., Meyer, J., & Tronick, E. (2016). Intra-individual stability and developmental change in hair cortisol among postpartum mothers and infants: Implications for understanding chronic stress. Developmental Psychobiology, 58, 509-518.

Liu, C.H., Yang, Y., Fang, S., Snidman, N., & Tronick, E. (2013) Maternal regulating behaviors through face-to-face play in first- and second-generation Chinese American and European American mothers of infants. Research in Human Development, 10, 289-307.

Goodman, J. & Liu, C.H. (2016). Maternal Psychopathology and Mother-Infant Attachment. Oxford Handbook of Perinatal Psychology (pp. 285-316) New York City, NY: Oxford University Press



Liu, C.H., Yasui, M., Giallo, R., Tronick, E., & Seidman, L. (2016). U.S. parents with mental health problems: Parenting experiences and children’s functioning. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 30, 753-760. 

Giallo, R., Cooklin, A., Brown, S., Christensen, D., Kingston, D., Liu, C.H., & Nicholson, J. (2015). Trajectories of fathers' psychological distress across the early parenting period: An Australian longitudinal cohort study. Journal of Family Psychology, 29, 766-776.

Young and College Mental Health 

Stevens, C., Zhang, E.*, Cherkerzian, S.*, Chen, J., & Liu, C.H. (In press). Internet use and gaming among US college students: Prevalence and correlates with mental health symptoms. Depression and Anxiety.


Mehta, U.M., Wood, S.J., Bella-Awusah, T., Konrad, K., Liu, C.H., Patton, G.C., Paus, T., Reininghaus, U., Schumann, G., Susser, E., & Yang, L. (In press). Biological, psychological, and sociocultural processes in emerging mental disorders in youth. Youth Mental Health: Vulnerability and Opportunities for Prevention and Early Intervention. In S.J. Wood and P. (Eds). Strüngmann Forum Reports, J. Lupp series editor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Chen, J., Stevens, C., Wong, S.*, & Liu, C.H. (2019). Psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses among U.S college students: A comparison by race and ethnicity. Psychiatric Services, 70, 442-449.

Stevens, C., Liu, C.H., & Chen, J. (2018). Racial/ethnic disparities in US college students’ experience: Discrimination as an impediment to academic performance. Journal of American College Health, 66, 665-673.

Doan, S.N., DeYoung, G., Fuller-Rowell, T.E., Liu, C.H., & Meyer, J. (2018). Investigating relations among stress, sleep, and nail cortisol and DHEA. Stress, 21, 188-193.

Chen, X., & Liu, C.H. (2016). Culture, Peer Relationships, and Developmental Psychopathology. In. D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental Psychopathology, Vol. 3. (pp. 723-769) Wiley.

Kim, S.Y., Wang, Y. Weaver, S.R., Shen, Y. Wu-Seibold, N., & Liu, C.H. (2014). Measurement equivalence of the Language Brokering Scale for Chinese American adolescents and their parents. Journal of Family Psychology, 28, 180-192.

Malti, T., Liu, C.H., & Noam, G.G. (2010). Holistic assessment in school-based, developmental prevention. Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community, 38, 244-259.

Liu, C.H., Malti, T., & Noam, G.G. (2008). RALLY holistic assessments and interviews as tools for early detection. New Directions for Youth Development, 120, 139-149.

Malti, T., Schwartz, S., Liu, C.H., & Noam, G.G. (2008). RALLY evaluation: relationships and development as key to student’s growth, resiliency, and learning. New Directions for Youth Development, 120, 151-177.

Asian American Mental Health 

Hahm, H.C., Liu, C.H., Thompson, M. (In press). Cultural and developmental principles for addressing mental health in young Asian American women: Lessons from the AWARE intervention on college campuses. Psychiatric Services.   

Chen, S.H., Zhang, E.*, Liu, C.H., & Wang, L.K. (In press). Depressive symptoms in Chinese immigrant mothers: Relations with perceptions of social status and interpersonal support. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology.

Wang, L.K., Wong, S.*, Zhang, X.*, Chen, S.H., Yau, Y., Li, G., & Liu, C.H. (In press). Establishing a parenting program for transnationally-separated Chinese immigrant families: A community pilot study. Psychiatric Services.

Hahm, H.C., Hsi, J.H., Petersen, J.M., Xu, J., Lee, E.M., Chen, S.H., & Liu, C.H. (In press). Preliminary efficacy of AWARE in college health service centers: A group psychotherapy intervention for Asian American women. Journal of American College Health.

Liu, C.H., Li, H., Wu, E.*, Tung, E.*, & Hahm, H.C. (2020). Parental perceptions of mental illness in Chinese American youth. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 40, 1010857.

Chen, S.H., Wang, M.M., Gleason, T.R., Liu, C.H., & Wang, L. (2019). Perceptions of social status in ethnic minority children: Associations with social cognitions and socioemotional well-being. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 10, 362-372.

Zhang, X, Yeung, J., Chandra, R., Yang, Y., Wang, D., Liu, C.H., Liu, L., & Chen, J. (2019). The MGH Center for Cross-Cultural Student Emotional Wellness: An innovative approach to mental health challenges facing diverse groups in the U.S. The Massachusetts General Hospital Guide to Depression. (pp. 71-85) New York City, NY: Humana Press, Cham.

Wu, E., Torous, J., & Liu, C.H. (2018). Smartphone apps to improve awareness and resource delivery for child mental health in minority populations: A survey study of Chinese immigrant parents. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 33, 1-6.

Aratani, Y., Liu, C.H. (2015). Interethnic differences in mental health service utilization among Asian American children. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 29, 326-332.

Liu, C.H. (2011). Emotion development in Asian American children and youth. In L. Juang, F. Leong, D. Baolin Qin, & H. Fitzgerald (Eds)., Asian American Child Psychology and Mental Health (pp. 97-120). Oxford, England: Praeger Press.


Liu, C.H., Murakami, J., Eap, S., Hall, G. (2008). Who are Asian Americans? An overview of history, immigration, and communities. In. N. Tewari, & A. Alvarez (Eds.), Asian American psychology: Current perspectives. (pp. 1-29). Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates.

Working Group Report

American Psychological Association, APA Working Group on Stress and Health Disparities. (2017). Stress and health disparities: Contexts, mechanisms, and interventions among racial/ethnic minority and low socioeconomic status populations. Retrieved from:

© 2017 by Developmental Risk and Cultural Disparities Program  221 Longwood Avenue, MA 02115