Selected Publications

Perinatal Risks and Disparities

Phan, J.*, Liu, H.H., Yasui, M. & Liu, C.H. (2019). Psychosocial and healthcare experiences among women with pre-pregnancy and mental health concerns. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 33, 196-202.

Liu, C.H., Phan, J., Yasui, M., & Doan, S.N. (2018). Prenatal life events, maternal employment, and postpartum depression across a diverse population in New York City. Community Mental Health Journal, 54, 410-419.  

Liu, C.H. & Liu, H.H. (2016). Psychosocial barriers to WIC participation in a diverse population of mothers. Public Health Nursing, 33, 395-402.  

Liu, C.H., Giallo, R., Doan, S.N., Seidman, L., & Tronick, E. (2016). Racial and ethnic differences in prenatal life stress and postpartum depression symptoms. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 30, 7-12.

Liu, C.H., Keshavan, M., Tronick, E., & Seidman, L.J. (2015). Perinatal risks and childhood premorbid indicators of later psychosis: Next steps for prevention. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 41, 801-816.  


Liu, C.H., & Tronick, E. (2014). Prevalence and predictors for maternal depressed mood and anhedonia by race and ethnicity. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 23, 201-209.

Liu, C.H., & Tronick, E. (2013). Conceptualizing prenatal life stressors in predicting postpartum depression: Cumulative, specific, and domain specific approaches to calculating risk. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, 27, 481-490.

Liu, C.H., & Tronick, E. (2013). Rates and predictors of postpartum depression by race and ethnicity: Results from the 2004-2007 New York City PRAMS Survey (Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System). Maternal and Child Health Journal, 17, 1599-1610.

Liu, C.H., & Tronick, E (2012). Do patient characteristics, prenatal care setting, and method of payment matter when it comes to provider-patient conversations on perinatal mood? Maternal and Child Health Journal, 16, 1102-1112.

Maternal and Infant Stress

Liu, C.H., Snidman, N., Kagan, J., & Tronick, E. (In press). Maternal distress and perceptions of infant behavior across cultures. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.  

Liu, C.H. & Doan, S. (2019). Innovations in biological assessments of chronic stress through hair and nail cortisol: Conceptual, developmental, and methodological issues. Developmental Psychobiology, 61, 465-476.


Liu, C.H., Fink, G., Brentani, H., & Brentani, A. (2017). An assessment of hair cortisol among postpartum Brazilian mothers and infants from a high-risk neighborhood in São Paulo: Intra-individual stability and association in mother-infants. Developmental Psychobiology, 57, 916-926.

Liu, C.H. & Tronick, E. (2017). Neurobehavioral development in infancy: The buffering and transducing role of the mother/caretaker-infant dyad. In D. Skuse, H. Bruce, L. Dowdney & D. Mrazek (Eds)., Child Psychology and Psychiatry: Frameworks for Practice. (pp. 17-24) Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Liu, C.H., Snidman, N., Leonard, A., Meyer, J., & Tronick, E. (2016). Intra-individual stability and developmental change in hair cortisol among postpartum mothers and infants: Implications for understanding chronic stress. Developmental Psychobiology, 58, 509-518.

Liu, C.H., Yang, Y., Fang, S., Snidman, N., & Tronick, E. (2013) Maternal regulating behaviors through face-to-face play in first- and second-generation Chinese American and European American mothers of infants. Research in Human Development, 10, 289-307.


Culture and Attachment

Bohr, V., Liu, C.H., Chen, S.H., & Wang, L. (2018). Satellite Babies: Costs and benefits of culturally driven parent-infant separations in North American immigrant families. In M. Guzman, J. Brown, C. Edwards (Eds.), Parenting From Afar. (pp. 304-320) Oxford University Press.


Liu, C.H., Chen, S.H., Bohr, Y., Wang, L., & Tronick, E. (2017). Exploring the assumptions of attachment theory across cultures: The practice of transnational separation among Chinese immigrant parents and children. Meaning and methods in the study and assessment of attachment. Contextualizing Attachment: The Cultural Nature of Attachment. In H. Keller and K.A. Bard (Eds). Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 22, J. Lupp, series editor (pp. 171-192) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. PDF

Gaskins, S., Beeghly, M., Bard, K.A., Gernhardt, A., Liu, C.H., Teti, D.M., Thompson, R.A., Weisner, T.S., & Yovsi, R.D. (2017). Meaning and methods in the study and assessment of attachment. In: Contextualizing Attachment: The Cultural Nature of Attachment., ed. H. Keller and K.A. Bard. Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 22, J. Lupp, series editor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.  PDF

Gaskins, S., Beeghly, M., Bard, K.A., Gernhardt, A., Liu, C.H., Teti, D.M., Thompson, R.A., Weisner, T.S., & Yovsi, R.D. (2017). Implications for policy and practice. In: Contextualizing Attachment: The Cultural Nature of Attachment., ed. H. Keller and K.A. Bard. Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 22, J. Lupp, series editor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 



Youth Risk and Assessment 


Mehta, U.M., Wood, S.J., Bella-Awusah, T., Konrad, K., Liu, C.H., Patton, G.C., Paus, T., Reininghaus, U., Schumann, G., Susser, E., & Yang, L. (In press). Biological, psychological, and sociocultural processes in emerging mental disorders in youth. Youth Mental Health: Vulnerability and Opportunities for Prevention and Early Intervention. In S.J. Wood and P. (Eds). Strüngmann Forum Reports, J. Lupp series editor. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Chen, J., Stevens, C., Wong, S.*, & Liu, C.H. (2019). Psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses among U.S college students: A comparison by race and ethnicity. Psychiatric Services, 70, 442-449.

Stevens, C., Liu, C.H., & Chen, J. (2018). Racial/ethnic disparities in US college students’ experience: Discrimination as an impediment to academic performance. Journal of American College Health, 66, 665-673.

Doan, S.N., DeYoung, G., Fuller-Rowell, T.E., Liu, C.H., & Meyer, J. (2018). Investigating relations among stress, sleep, and nail cortisol and DHEA. Stress, 21, 188-193.

Chen, X., & Liu, C.H. (2016). Culture, Peer Relationships, and Developmental Psychopathology. In. D. Cicchetti (Ed.), Developmental Psychopathology, Vol. 3. (pp. 723-769) Wiley.

Kim, S.Y., Wang, Y. Weaver, S.R., Shen, Y. Wu-Seibold, N., & Liu, C.H. (2014). Measurement equivalence of the Language Brokering Scale for Chinese American adolescents and their parents. Journal of Family Psychology, 28, 180-192.

Malti, T., Liu, C.H., & Noam, G.G. (2010). Holistic assessment in school-based, developmental prevention. Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community, 38, 244-259.

Liu, C.H., Malti, T., & Noam, G.G. (2008). RALLY holistic assessments and interviews as tools for early detection. New Directions for Youth Development, 120, 139-149.

Malti, T., Schwartz, S., Liu, C.H., & Noam, G.G. (2008). RALLY evaluation: relationships and development as key to student’s growth, resiliency, and learning. New Directions for Youth Development, 120, 151-177.

Parent Mental Health

Liu, C.H., Yasui, M., Giallo, R., Tronick, E., & Seidman, L. (2016). U.S. parents with mental health problems: Parenting experiences and children’s functioning. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 30, 753-760. 


Goodman, J. & Liu, C.H. (2016). Maternal Psychopathology and Mother-Infant Attachment. Oxford Handbook of Perinatal Psychology (pp. 285-316) New York City, NY: Oxford University Press.


Giallo, R., Cooklin, A., Brown, S., Christensen, D., Kingston, D., Liu, C.H., & Nicholson, J. (2015). Trajectories of fathers' psychological distress across the early parenting period: An Australian longitudinal cohort study. Journal of Family Psychology, 29, 766-776.

Asian American Families and Children   

Chen, S.H., Wang, M.M., Gleason, T.R., Liu, C.H., & Wang, L. (In press). Perceptions of social status in ethnic minority children: Associations with social cognitions and socioemotional well-being. Asian American Journal of Psychology.

Zhang, X, Yeung, J., Chandra, R., Yang, Y., Wang, D., Liu, C.H., Liu, L., & Chen, J. (2019). The MGH Center for Cross-Cultural Student Emotional Wellness: An innovative approach to mental health challenges facing diverse groups in the U.S. The Massachusetts General Hospital Guide to Depression. (pp. 71-85) New York City, NY: Humana Press, Cham.

Wu, E., Torous, J., & Liu, C.H. (2018). Smartphone apps to improve awareness and resource delivery for child mental health in minority populations: A survey study of Chinese immigrant parents. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 33, 1-6.

Aratani, Y., Liu, C.H. (2015). Interethnic differences in mental health service utilization among Asian American children. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 29, 326-332.

Liu, C.H. (2011). Emotion development in Asian American children and youth. In L. Juang, F. Leong, D. Baolin Qin, & H. Fitzgerald (Eds)., Asian American Child Psychology and Mental Health (pp. 97-120). Oxford, England: Praeger Press.


Liu, C.H., Murakami, J., Eap, S., Hall, G. (2008). Who are Asian Americans? An overview of history, immigration, and communities. In. N. Tewari, & A. Alvarez (Eds.), Asian American psychology: Current perspectives. (pp. 1-29). Lawrence Erlbaum and Associates.

Working Group Report

American Psychological Association, APA Working Group on Stress and Health Disparities. (2017). Stress and health disparities: Contexts, mechanisms, and interventions among racial/ethnic minority and low socioeconomic status populations. Retrieved from:

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